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INFORMA D&B, S.A.U. (S.M.E.). Avda. de la Industria, 32 - 28108 Alcobendas (Madrid) - Tel.: 902 176 076 - clientes@informa.es - www.dbk.es

INDICADORES MACROECONÓMICOS

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Unidad20082009201020112012201320142015201620172018
PRINCIPALES ÍNDICES E INDICADORES MACROECONÓMICOS
Actividad Industrial
Índice de producción industrial% var. corregido-6,8-15,80,8-1,4-6,6-1,61,23,21,93,20,3
Índice de entrada de pedidos en la industria% var.-5-22,16,75,9-2,1-2,71,82,60,67,95,8
Índice de cifra de negocios en la industria% var.-3,4-21,45,45,3-2,5-2,90,51,50,87,93,9
Combustibles y consumo energético
Consumo energía eléctrica (S. Peninsular)GWh265.206252.660260.527255.597252.014246.368243.174247.970249.680252.506253.563
Precio medio del petróleo Brent$/barril96,9961,7679,04104,01105,01104,0896,2452,3543,5554,2571,06
Consumo de gasolina y gasóleo automociónToneladas31.421.93029.797.69129.264.87727.902.13426.162.67425.187.53625.546.16926.432.12227.273.61927.948.06528.649.456
• GasolinaToneladas6.295.8296.012.8425.676.6175.299.4544.922.8704.655.8734.615.0154.650.9184.758.5234.858.6125.092.395
• Gasóleo automociónToneladas25.126.10123.784.84923.588.26022.602.68021.239.80420.531.66320.931.15421.781.20322.515.09523.089.45223.557.060
Precio medio de la gasolinaCent. €/litro112,33100,34116,29131,8142,47143,06138,37122,83115,16121,84128,84
Precio medio del gasóleo automociónCent. €/litro114,1491,18107,52126,70136,54135,88130,31111,44101,51110,14120,32
Otros indicadores
IPC% var. interanual1,40,832,42,90,3-1,00,01,61,11,2
EURIBOR a 12 meses%4,811,621,352,011,110,540,480,17-0,03-0,15-0,17
Índice de cifra de negocios del sector servicios% var. corregido-3,5-13,50,8-1-6,1-2,12,64,74,46,75,8
Indice de comercio al por menor% var. corregido-1,7-70,7-1,6-4,2-2,40,52,42,33,12,6
Exportaciones bienes y serviciosMill. euros290.177244.652276.270309.889319.538330.787339.740356.528371.225400.826413.889
• BienesMill. euros192.740163.929190.836215.967224.195235.550239.309250.014256.804277.965286.478
• ServiciosMill. euros97.43780.72385.43493.92295.34395.237100.431106.514114.421122.861127.411
Importaciones bienes y serviciosMill. euros350.757256.583290.147311.777303.540297.014314.065331.277335.258367.199390.461
• BienesMill. euros279.464205.402238.639260.443253.445249.561261.527272.318272.071299.808317.832
• ServiciosMill. euros71.29351.18151.50851.33450.09547.45352.53858.95963.18767.39172.629
Saldo balanza comercial bienes y serviciosMill. euros-60.580-11.931-13.877-1.88815.99833.77325.67525.25135.96733.62723.428
• BienesMill. euros-86.724-41.473-47.803-44.476-29.250-14.011-22.218-22.304-15.267-21.843-31.354
• ServiciosMill. euros26.14429.54233.92642.58845.24847.78447.89347.55551.23455.47054.782
Tipo de cambio dólar (medio)$/€1,471,391,331,391,281,331,331,111,111,131,18
Tipo de cambio libra esterlina (medio)libras/€0,800,890,860,870,810,850,810,730,820,880,88
Tipo de cambio yen (medio)yenes/€152,45130,34116,24110,96102,49129,66140,31134,31120,2126,71130,41
Tipo de cambio yuan renminbi (medio)yuanes/€10,229,538,979,008,118,168,196,977,357,637,81
INDICADORES DE DEMOGRAFÍA Y OCUPACIÓN
Población residenteHabitantes46.239.27146.486.62146.667.17546.818.21646.727.89046.512.19946.449.56546.440.09946.527.03946.658.44746.934.632
Padrón municipalHabitantes46.745.80747.021.03147.190.49347.265.32147.129.78346.771.34146.624.38246.557.00846.572.13246.722.98047.007.367
Población activaNúmero23.262.10023.225.40023.377.10023.440.30023.360.40023.070.90023.026.80022.873.70022.745.90022.765.00022.868.800
OcupadosNúmero20.055.30018.890.40018.674.90018.153.00017.339.40017.135.20017.569.10018.094.20018.508.10018.998.40019.564.600
Parados (EPA)Número3.206.8004.335.0004.702.2005.287.3006.021.0005.935.6005.457.7004.779.5004.237.8003.766.7003.304.300
Tasa de paro (EPA)%13,7918,6620,1122,5625,7725,7323,720,918,6316,5514,45
Parados (SEPE)Número3.128.9633.923.6034.100.0734.422.3594.848.7234.701.3384.447.7114.093.5083.702.9743.412.7813.202.297
Afiliados a la S.S.Número18.531.26417.803.83917.584.98217.229.92216.442.68116.357.64016.775.21417.308.40017.849.05518.460.20119.024.165
INDICADORES DE ACTIVIDAD
Producción, matriculaciones y parques de vehículos
Producción de vehículos (excl. motocicletas y ciclomotores)Unidades2.541.6442.170.0782.387.9002.373.0741.979.1792.163.3382.402.9782.733.2012.891.9222.848.3352.819.565
• Turismos y todo terrenosUnidades2.013.8611.832.9991.951.3811.887.2721.595.1491.754.6681.898.3422.218.9802.360.1172.291.4922.267.396
- TurismosUnidades1.943.0491.812.6881.913.5131.839.0681.539.6801.719.7001.871.9852.202.3482.313.3912.243.2202.215.599
- Todo terrenosUnidades70.81220.31137.86848.20455.46934.96826.35716.63246.72648.27251.797
• Comerciales ligeros y furgonesUnidades452.516310.820399.374431.126337.155354.983446.847456.093466.766495.217496.671
• IndustrialesUnidades73.88325.70736.89154.55046.87553.68757.78958.12865.03961.62655.498
• Autobuses, microbuses y autocaresUnidades1.384552254126
Producción de motocicletas y ciclomotoresUnidades213.696115.602123.12381.60144.01913.8259.72212.71215.80216.49118.253
Matriculaciones de vehículos (excl. motocicletas y ciclomotores)Unidades1.362.5861.074.2221.114.117931.404790.991822.950987.2811.214.2121.347.3471.462.2351.563.499
• Turismos y todo terrenosUnidades1.161.176952.772982.015808.051699.589722.689855.3081.034.2321.147.0091.234.9321.321.438
- TurismosUnidades1.069.260851.042875.077708.033607.395623.582717.499839.106790.929791.212768.143
- Todo terrenos (b)Unidades91.916101.730106.938100.01892.19499.107137.809195.126356.080443.720553.295
• Comerciales ligeros y furgonesUnidades165.623106.408115.946104.22076.71585.384113.782154.765172.106198.821214.207
• IndustrialesUnidades31.97812.13813.60916.32112.86113.15816.21422.43524.70524.67524.178
• Autobuses, microbuses y autocaresUnidades3.8092.9042.5492.8121.8261.7191.9772.7803.5273.8073.676
Matriculaciones de motocicletasUnidades221.765139.889141.030125.059102.60395.845114.600137.228160.931144.905164.837
Matriculaciones de ciclomotoresUnidades90.39647.65637.23825.78220.81216.71516.41118.22819.65023.88019.497
Parque de vehículosUnidades30.969.22430.855.96931.086.03531.269.08131.203.20330.916.83630.976.04731.389.68332.107.07732.929.59633.730.398
• TurismosUnidades22.145.36421.983.48522.147.45522.277.24422.247.52822.024.53822.029.51222.355.54922.876.24723.623.62724.074.216
• Vehículos industrialesUnidades5.467.7815.405.6075.365.9115.319.1095.232.8135.130.0665.085.3435.107.4275.150.4495.083.6755.272.069
- Furgonetas, camiones y tractores industrialesUnidades5.405.5855.342.9445.303.4665.256.7515.171.6865.070.1745.025.5445.047.1755.088.6085.020.0855.207.154
- AutobusesUnidades62.19662.66362.44562.35861.12759.89259.79960.25261.84163.59064.915
• MotocicletasUnidades2.500.8192.606.6742.707.4822.798.0432.852.2972.891.2042.972.1653.079.4633.211.3973.327.0263.459.760
• Remolques, semirremolques y otros vehículosUnidades855.260860.203865.187874.685870.565871.028889.027847.244868.984895.268924.353
Parque de ciclomotoresUnidades2.290.2072.229.4182.169.6682.107.1162.061.0442.023.2111.987.5421.961.5441.933.479
Transporte
Transporte urbano de viajerosMiles3.028.0432.927.8272.915.0992.932.0372.788.0252.715.1002.729.0212.772.9192.843.7942.933.3813.013.787
Transporte interurbano de viajeros (c)Miles1.375.6031.316.9081.291.5621.297.2001.289.1121.267.4881.260.1391.265.7681.304.0821.324.9591.372.468
Transporte especial y discrecional de viajerosMiles602.504569.522541.211513.204490.934503.561487.801483.239493.270499.620520.309
Transp. mercancías carretera (público y privado)Mill. tm-km242.978211.891210.064206.840157.518192.594195.763209.386216.992231.104238.990
• InteriorMill. tm-km175.183151.050146.204142.348133.416126.864128.187137.259144.884154.621158.523
• InternacionalMill. tm-km67.79560.84163.86064.49224.101,1165.729,8467.575,6772.126,9172.108,6376.483,9180.467,23
Precio servicio transp. mercancías ctra. (público)% var. interanual1,4-3,33,42,5-1,201,431,760,7-1,20,11,6
Turismo
Tráfico de viajeros en aeropuertosNúmero203.862.028187.631.102192.792.606204.373.288194.230.699187.405.129195.863.599207.421.046230.231.359249.218.316263.753.406
Viajeros alojados en hoteles (d)Número82.998.87877.140.31781.888.87285.366.97682.962.48083.820.91987.814.53093.216.96899.840.032103.804.066105.268.944
• Residentes en EspañaNúmero47.241.15845.138.08246.233.33045.824.88243.025.75242.569.37444.682.74847.523.59849.543.24550.463.16851.131.956
• Residentes en el extranjeroNúmero35.757.72032.002.23535.655.54239.542.09439.936.72841.251.54543.131.78245.693.37050.296.78753.340.89754.136.988
Pernoctaciones en hoteles (d)Número268.551.840250.984.811267.163.480286.761.260280.659.548286.030.159295.260.629308.235.727331.168.945340.582.713340.116.589
• Residentes en EspañaNúmero113.188.291109.756.873113.236.290111.524.330102.101.248100.633.926104.729.888110.254.904114.239.133115.834.589116.448.665
• Residentes en el extranjeroNúmero155.363.549141.227.938153.927.190175.236.930178.558.300185.396.233190.530.741197.980.823216.929.812224.748.124223.667.924
Viajes de residentes en EspañaNúmero168.843.820171.689.994157.852.565160.754.374158.739.314153.668.563151.397.319173.990.297181.950.842193.689.289197.482.757
Entradas de turistas extranjerosNúmero57.192.01452.177.64052.676.97356.176.88457.464.49560.675.48964.938.94568.521.25575.315.00881.868.52282.781.872
Gasto de los turistas extranjerosMill. euros51.69447.96148.92652.00253.93159.27063.09471.222,1677.415,5487.003,9389.870,74
Ingresos del exterior por turismo y viajesMill. euros41.90138.12541.21844.71245.26847.16449.01050.98854.66060.29362.481
Pagos al exterior por turismo y viajesMill. euros13.83412.08612.78712.49212.01212.36013.57215.65417.43819.73022.038
Consumo de cemento y vivienda
Consumo aparente de cementoMill. toneladas42,7028,9124,4620,4413,6010,7410,8311,4911,1612,3813,4
Visados obra nueva. Superficiem259.972.51229.168.59424.507.41219.958.06412.524.76410.243.16210.070.73113.884.10216.669.56320.300.25925.144.595
• Uso residencialm245.110.75619.509.08516.391.47014.206.7768.572.5006.860.0467.017.3799.949.19912.761.95116.064.44819.871.873
• Uso no residencialm214.861.7569.659.5098.115.9425.751.2883.952.2643.383.1163.053.3523.934.9033.907.6124.235.8115.272.722
Viviendas iniciadas (e)Unidades328.490159.286123.61686.23851.73535.72138.01850.56566.90681.27521.569
Viviendas terminadasUnidades632.218424.459276.883179.351133.41560.28950.42849.47244.63054.27464.568
Transacciones de vivienda (MFOM)Unidades564.464463.719491.287349.118363.623300.568365.621401.713457.738532.261582.888
• Vivienda nuevaUnidades333.426241.053199.731127.880116.34956.51854.86349.11047.11450.39756.478
• Vivienda segunda manoUnidades231.038222.666291.556221.238247.274244.050310.758352.603410.624481.864526.410
Transacciones de vivienda (INE)Unidades552.080413.393439.591359.824318.534312.593318.830355.556405.385467.644516.216
• Vivienda nuevaUnidades278.034218.775220.612174.299155.890143.771117.51976.95475.13483.24092.420
• Vivienda segunda manoUnidades274.046194.618218.979185.525162.644168.822201.311278.602330.251384.404423.796
Precio medio de la vivienda libre (MFOM)Euros/m22.071,081.917,031.843,031.740,21.588,131.495,351.459,41.475,21.502,631.538,631.590,7
• Vivienda nuevaEuros/m22.069,11.923,451.848,3nd1.867,81.761,61.715,21.734,281.745,61.795,231.820,18
• Vivienda segunda manoEuros/m22.067,61.910,931.841,38nd1.573,21.485,31.449,71.465,781.495,751.530,331.583,58
Índice de precios de vivienda (INE)% var.-5,4-4,3-1,9-11,2-12,8-7,81,84,24,57,26,6
• Vivienda nueva% var.0,8-5,1-2,1-8,5-10,9-81,95,84,37,48
• Vivienda segunda mano% var.-10,7-3,5-1,6-13,7-14-7,71,744,57,26,4
Indicadores del sector financiero
Entidades de créditoNúmero362351336335314292272262250245238
• Entidades de depósitoNúmero286280276275258241224217206205198
• EFCNúmero7570595955504744433939
• Crédito oficialNúmero11111111111
Oficinas de entidades de créditoNúmero46.06544.43143.16440.10338.14233.71331.99931.08728.80727.48026.166
• Entidades de depósitoNúmero45.66244.08542.89439.84337.90333.52731.81730.92128.64327.32026.011
• EFCNúmero402345269259238185181165163159154
• Crédito oficialNúmero11111111111
Empleados de entidades de créditoNúmero278.301269.475263.715248.093236.504217.878208.291202.954194.283192.626187.182
• Entidades de depósitoNúmero270.855263.093257.578242.726231.389212.991203.305197.825189.280187.472181.999
• EFCNúmero7.1506.0755.8155.0474.8024.5774.6654.8124.6954.8304.874
• Crédito oficialNúmero296307322320313310321317308324309
Crédito nuevo a sociedades no financierasMill. euros929.184867.742665.027527.493484.814392.645356.637392.631322.578338.995347.156
Crédito nuevo a hogares e ISFLSHMill. euros185.891150.615123.35774.26063.31851.24760.60675.70880.57187.61996.200
• ViviendaMill. euros87.07473.15469.47837.50232.27621.85327.00735.72137.49438.86343.056
• ConsumoMill. euros41.96031.75523.11815.14212.81113.89116.33019.74725.35629.38934.387
• Otros finesMill. euros56.85745.70630.76121.61618.23115.50317.26920.24017.72119.36718.757
Saldo vivo crédito a sociedades no financierasMill. euros950.724921.318902.130848.598718.969616.671547.588520.691497.176483.165451.589
Saldo vivo crédito a hogares e ISFLSHMill. euros874.649868.153869.322849.647815.099772.116739.242711.277700.129695.271696.437
• ViviendaMill. euros649.714649.558656.854650.473628.444601.415576.696549.238533.107520.209513.751
• Consumo y otros finesMill. euros224.935218.595212.468199.174186.655170.701162.546162.039167.022175.062182.686

INDICADORES MACROECONÓMICOS PIB ANUAL

200420052006200720082009201020112012201320142015201620172018
PIB a precios de 20103,23,74,23,81,1-3,60,0-1,0-2,9-1,71,43,63,232,6
Consumo final de los hogares4,04,03,83,2-0,7-3,70,2-2,4-3,6-3,21,532,82,52,3
Consumo final de las AA.PP.6,35,65,06,25,94,11,5-0,3-4,7-2,10,3211,92,1
Formación bruta de capital fijo5,17,57,44,4-3,9-16,9-4,9-6,9-8,6-3,44,762,94,85,3
* Activos fijos materiales5,47,77,14,1-4,6-18,1-6,1-8,0-10,2-3,84,972,85,15,8
- Viviendas4,96,56,71,3-9,2-20,3-11,6-13,3-10,3-10,2110,9797
- Otros edificios y construcciones5,37,47,23,7-1,1-11,4-8,5-10,2-13,9-7,3-1,17-3,70,65,5
- Bienes de equipo6,69,18,88,6-2,2-24,05,70,8-6,25,05,9115,365,4
· Equipos de transporte8,010,79,17,8-9,1-40,111,04,5-0,511,4111363,73,9
· Otra maquinaria y bienes de equipo5,98,48,69,01,2-17,24,1-0,4-8,12,73,611576
- Recursos biológicos-17,166,0-36,874,317,08,7-21,6-4,0-6,4-1,214354,1-8,2-1,7
* Productos de la propiedad intelectual2,24,910,27,74,9-2,36,21,12,6-1,53,54,63,73,52,2
Variación de existencias (c)00,10,30,10,100,10,100,20,20,10,10,10,1
Demanda nacional (c)4,95,35,54,40,6-6,70,6-3,1-4,7-3,11,63,32,52,92,9
Exportación bienes y servicios4,31,84,98,3-0,8-11,09,47,41,14,34,34,25,25,22,3
Importación bienes y servicios10,17,08,28,6-5,6-18,36,9-0,8-6,4-0,565,42,95,63,5
Saldo exterior neto (c)-1,6-1,7-1,50,81,52,90,42,12,11,40,20,10,70,40,3

INDICADORES MACROECONÓMICOS PIB TRIMESTRAL

2010201120122013201420152016201720182019
IIIIIIVIIIIIIIVIIIIIIIVIIIIIIIVIIIIIIIVIIIIIIIVIIIIIIIVIIIIIIIVIIIIIIIVIIIIIIIVI
PIB a precios de 2010-4,3-3,8-2,9-1,00,10,50,5-0,2-0,8-1,2-1,8-2,3-2,7-3,1-3,6-3,0-2,1-1,5-0,20,61,01,72,23,03,63,94,13,63,33,12,72,93,12,93,12,92,62,52,32,4
Consumo final de los hogares-5,1-2,7-1,9-0,91,30,30,2-1,3-2,3-2,2-3,6-2,9-3,2-3,8-4,5-4,9-4,3-3,1-0,30,81,71,82,02,72,73,43,23,13,02,62,52,32,52,62,732,3221,5
Consumo final de las AA.PP.4,24,23,42,71,91,00,40,4-0,0-0,5-1,0-3,4-4,4-5,2-5,8-4,2-2,7-1,50,10,1-0,4-0,4-0,60,82,12,32,91,61,11,10,31,21,72,02,62,222,22,22
Formación bruta de capital fijo-20,2-17,5-14,6-8,9-2,9-3,6-3,7-5,5-7,0-7,2-8,1-8,3-8,6-9,2-8,5-6,5-5,3-1,6-0,22,74,53,44,64,76,57,47,94,42,92,12,14,73,65,85,23,975,34,44,7
* Activos fijos materiales-21,7-19,2-16,0-10,2-4,2-4,7-4,8-6,5-8,0-8,3-9,2-9,9-10,3-10,7-10,0-7,1-5,8-1,7-0,22,54,83,34,85,16,87,98,44,22,72,02,05,03,66,05,64,185,94,85,4
- Viviendas-22,1-21,6-17,6-16,1-10,3-8,6-10,7-10,8-13,7-15,2-13,5-12,6-10,7-9,3-8,3-9,7-10,8-10,3-10,10,86,28,49,9-3,5-2,6-0,22,85,76,77,48,07,89,29,79,29764,63,4
- Otros edificios y construcciones-13,6-12,8-14,2-10,9-6,6-9,1-7,3-11,0-9,4-8,8-11,7-13,4-15,0-14,4-12,8-8,1-8,2-6,9-5,8-6,1-2,1-2,1-0,19,97,26,95,7-3,6-3,9-4,8-2,40,4-0,62,00,51,965,185,1
- Bienes de equipo-31,4-24,4-17,0-0,29,37,26,94,70,60,1-1,9-3,3-4,5-8,1-8,8-4,30,810,813,812,310,54,95,86,712,714,014,09,75,54,21,77,03,36,87,01,91062,87
· Equipos de transporte-47,8-37,7-25,912,213,79,88,54,14,92,76,47,60,6-2,9-6,6-2,75,221,622,822,418,17,08,14,515,614,919,217,33,77,8-4,64,2-1,14,67,3-4,4155,3-110
· Otra maquinaria y bienes de equipo-23,8-18,9-13,7-3,67,96,36,44,9-0,9-0,7-4,6-6,8-6,3-9,8-9,6-4,9-0,86,810,48,57,54,04,97,711,513,611,76,46,32,64,78,25,47,87,04,9864,56
- Recursos biológicos7,97,810,4-20,6-20,9-22,0-22,7-0,4-5,2-1,3-9,0-6,5-5,5-8,4-5,1-2,4-1,3-0,6-0,3-1,6-3,1-3,8-2,833,236,737,036,516,97,5-1,5-6,6-8,7-9,2-8,1-6,9-4,1-2,2-0,60,31,6
* Productos de la propiedad intelectual-1,81,31,04,38,66,25,72,60,80,90,13,83,11,61,9-2,6-2,3-0,7-0,43,42,84,03,73,05,25,15,45,33,92,53,03,13,54,53,12,92,31,51,90
Variación de existencias (a)000,10000,10,30,10,10,20,1000,10,30,30,10,10,20,30,30,10,50,40,50,40,10,1-0,1-0,100,10,20,30,10,10,10,10
Demanda nacional (a)-8,6-6,2-4,7-1,40,70,90,80,8-2,3-1,9-3,1-3,2-4,2-4,2-4,7-4,3-3,5-2,40,50,71,81,823,13,64,34,43,12,92,22,02,52,63,23,33,13,32,72,52,2
Exportación bienes y servicios-14,6-11,3-2,77,79,28,112,512,57,86,63,2-0,30,41,92,23,56,93,43,34,22,25,45,14,84,33,73,94,66,04,35,96,15,45,44,23,82,61,71,00
Importación bienes y servicios-23,9-14,6-6,19,910,52,75,14,5-1,3-0,7-5,5-7,4-6,7-5,8-5,5-4,5-0,4-0,23,36,85,86,96,45,35,05,85,63,54,01,03,25,54,47,05,44,85,12,31,70,5
Saldo exterior neto (a)4,12,11,600,81,11,31,52,222,82,22,62,52,62,4210,50,50,9-10,70,40,10,70,60,40,50,70,80,70,80,10,10,20,70,20,20,2